8. Optimistic updates

Sometimes you don't want to wait for a mutation response to update your data. This can improve perceived performance of your app. If you can predict in advance how data will be updated, you might want to update it immediately. For that you can use optimistic updates. See an example:

const deleteBookOptimistic = book => ({
request: {
url: `/book/${book.id}`,
method: 'delete',
meta: {
mutations: {
updateDataOptimistic: data => data.filter(v => v.id !== book.id),
revertData: data => [book, ...data],

So, above we have a mutation action with optimistic update for FETCH_BOOKS query. updateDataOptimistic is called right away after DELETE_BOOK_OPTIMISTIC action is dispatched, so not on success like in case for updateData.

Also, notice revertData key. Because we use optimistic data update, we need to be ready for an error, which always could happen. revertData allows you to update data to the previous state. revertData is called on DELETE_BOOK_OPTIMISTIC_ERROR, so you can amend the data and revert deletion in case of an unpredicted error.

At the very same time you can still use updateData to further update data on DELETE_BOOK_OPTIMISTIC_SUCCESS. This might be useful if you cannot predict data update fully. For example you might want to do optimistic update to add an item with random id and amend it to a proper value once mutation response is delivered.

Last updated on by Konrad